How to format a USB drive in windows 10: All methods

Aamir Khan

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If your USB drive got corrupted or there are harmful full files, you can easily format a USB drive in Windows 10 or any other Windows version. Here we will discuss the process of how to format a USB drive in windows 10

In Windows 10, formatting USB will help full in many cases. For example, to reformat USB to remove any malicious code in it. And it is also helping your USB drive is corrupted and needs format, or you want to change the file system according to your operating system or get rid of the data to not leave any personal information in it. In Windows 10, we can format USB drives by following ways or methods or tools of windows 10;

  • File Explorer
  • Disk Management
  • Command Prompt
  • PowerShell

Here we do a step-by-step process to format a USB drive or fix errors when USB is not recognized.

Warning: These instructions will erase everything on the selected drive. If you have any important files, you should back them up before proceeding.

Format USB drive through file explorer

Follow the steps to format your drive through file explorer; this is an easy and simple way to format a USB drive.

  • Open File Explorer.
  • Click on This PC from the left pane.
  • Under the “Devices and drives” section, right-click the flash drive and select the Format option.
Format a USB drive in Windows 10 by file explorer
  • Click on the “File system” and here choose NTFS Option.

If you use your USB drive on Windows 10 and macOS systems, you may want to select the “exFAT” option for compatibility. However, if you think you might use the USB on a Linux machine, “FAT32” is the best option, even though you will be limited to 4GB file sizes that can be moved into your USB at a time.

  • Use the default selection in the “Allocation unit size” drop-down menu.
  • In the “Volume label” field, confirm a drive name that will appear in File Explorer. For example, PRJECTUSB.
  • Under the “Format options” section, select the Quick format option.

If you select Quick format, this files system tables and root folders, but the data is still recoverable, and you can recover it if you use the default setting. Then it will check for every bad sector and scan your USB drive thoroughly and can take some time also, but in this step, your data is not recoverable, and it will clean your USB.

Format a USB drive in Windows 10 by file explorer-2
  • Click start button
  • Then click Yes

After completing this process, your USB will be safe from any harmful data or other threats and will be ready to be used again for saving files, documents, pictures, videos, and other types of data.

Format USB from disk management

In disk management, you have two ways to format a USB by completely formatting it to a rebuilt file system table, or you can also delete the partition that comes in handy to fix storage problems.

  • Right-click on This PC icon
  • Click on the Manage
  • Now click on the Disk management
Format a USB drive in Windows 10 fromm disk management

Here you will find the USB drive then. Right-click on your USB and then select the option format. Keep the whole setting default and click yes; you can change your Volume name if you want.

Format a USB drive in Windows 10 fromm disk management-2

After performing this process, the USB drive will be fully restored from bad sectors or malicious data and free from any potential threats. This is safe, and you can use it anywhere you want.

Format USB drive using POWERSHELL

Powershell is another tool for formatting USB in windows ten without any errors. We do provide a command to delete all corrupt data in it and get rid of it

To format a USB flash drive using PowerShell commands on Windows 10, use these steps:

  • Open Start.
  • Search for PowerShell, right-click the top result, and select the Run as administrator option.
  • Type the following command to perform a quick format on the flash drive and press EnterFormat-Volume -DriveLetter DRIVE-LETTER -FileSystem FILE-SYSTEM -NewFileSystemLabel DRIVE-NAME

In the command, replace DRIVE-LETTER with the correct letter reflecting the drive you want to format, FILE-SYSTEM for FAT32, exFAT, or NTFS, and DRIVE-NAME with the name you want the device to appear in File Explorer. 

This example performs a quick format of the “F” drive with the NTFS file system: Format-Volume -DriveLetter F -FileSystem NTFS -NewFileSystemLabel workUSB

Format a USB drive in Windows 10 by using windows powershell

In the command, replace DRIVE-LETTER with the correct letter reflecting the drive you want to format and FILE-SYSTEM for FAT32, exFAT, or NTFS, depending on the file system you want to use. If you do not know and are on Windows 10, you should use NTFS. The Full option tells the command to perform a full format, and the -Force option specifies the override switch.

This example performs a full format of the “F” drive: Format-Volume -DriveLetter F -FileSystem NTFS -Full -Force

After completing the steps, PowerShell will format the storage with the specified settings.

Format USB by CMD(COMMAND PROMPT)

Command Prompt is another tool to format USB in windows 10 and make your USB clean and fresh.

Below are the steps to format a USB drive using the command prompt in active voice:

  • Open Start.
  • Search for Command Prompt, right-click the top result, and select the Run as administrator option.
  • Type the following command to format the USB flash drive quickly. And press then Enterformat VOLUME: /v:FLASHDRIVE-LABEL /fs:FILE-SYSTEM /q

In the command, make sure to replace the VOLUME with the correct drive letter of the storage, FLASHDRIVE-LABEL, with the name you want the drive to appear in File Explorer. And FILE-SYSTEM with one of the available file systems, including “FAT32,” “exFAT,” or “NTFS.”

This example performs a quick format of the E drive: format E: /v:workUSB /fs:NTFS /q

Format a USB drive in Windows 10 by CMD
  • Press Enter again to continue.
  • (Optional) Type the following command to format the USB flash drive fully. And then press Enterformat VOLUME: /v:FLASHDRIVE-LABEL /fs:FILE-SYSTEM

This example performs a full format of the E drive: format E: /v:”workUSB” /fs:NTFS

  1. Press Enter again to continue.

After completing the steps, the USB drive will be formatted with the specified settings.

By following the steps above, you can format your USB without any errors and can make your USB clean and fresh.

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